SPring-8 is a large synchrotron radiation facility which delivers the most powerful synchrotron radiation currently available. The research conducted at SPring-8, located in Harima Science Park City, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan, and includes nanotechnology, biotechnology and industrial applications. The name "SPring-8" is derived from "Super Photon ring-8 GeV" (8 GeV, or 8 giga electron volts, being the power output of the ring). SPring-8 was opened in 1997 to industrial, academic and government users, domestic and international. About 15,000 users visit SPring-8 every year. SPring-8 is owned and managed by RIKEN (The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research), with the Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI) in charge of operation, maintenance and promotion of use.